Adventure on the Great Pamir in Tajikistan Pamir TRAVEL

Central Asia - Uzbekistan

The fabled mosques and madrases of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva with their marvelous design and colorful tile work are Just some of the sites in Uzbekistan linked to the Silk Road. This country also gave the world Tamarlane, one of the most legendary of the great Central Asian warriors. Other notables from history who knew Uzbekistan well were Marco Polo and Alexander the Great, whose armies smashed through the region on their way to India. As a hub of trade and cultural exchanges, Uzbekistan saw travellers from Europe, Arabia, Persia, China, India, the Caucasus and Mongolia pass through. The fame of Uzbek cities spread far and wide until even today their names are synonymous with the exotic and wonderful.
For many centuries, the rulers of what is today Uzbekistan were a power to be reckoned with along the Silk Road.
From Samarkand, Tamarlane sallied forth to conquer much of the Eurasian continent and bring back to his capital the most gifted architects, masons and other craftsmen to add to the city's grandeur.
What to See
  • Samarkand, the ancient city of Afrasiab and already an important settlement in the 1st Millennium, was one of the jewels of the Silk Road. It was also the home ofTamarlane whose mausoleum is a major attraction, as is the famous Registan Square, the Bibi Khanum Mosque and the Shah-i-Zinda mausoleum complex. Some 15 km outside of town is the Imam AI-Bulahari Mausoleum, a shrine for the entire Muslim world.
  • Bukhara was once known as"the divine" because of the number of religious schools and mosques there. Besides being a main trading center, it was a pilgrimage site Muslim visiting Imam Bakhouddin Naqshbansdin's mausoleum. Its main attractions include the Ark, where the emirs lived, the UNESCO-protected Kalyan Minaret and a number of restored madrases in the old downtown section.
  • Khiva was an oasis town on the northern Silk Road spur on the way to Russia and became known for its artisans. The entire city has been remarkably preserved and declared a national reserve. It is like an open-air museum and perhaps the finest existing example of an old Silk Road city in Central Asia.
  • Tashkent, the Uzbek capital, has been a settlement of some kind or another since the 1st century BC and was largely rebuilt following a devastating earthquake in 1966. Attractions include many excellent museums, a number of mosques and madrases, and the Zangi-ata mausoleum complex.

Samarkand Bukhara
How to Get There
Tashkent boasts one of Central Asia s busiest air ports which has flights to many European, Middle Eastern and Asian capitals, as well as cities throughout the former Soviet Union and Uzbekistan Samarkand and Bokhara also have interna tional airports as does Urgench which is near Khiva All of Uzbekistan's primary Silk Road sites are served by rail or motor transport as are the secon dary sites.

Where to Stay

Tashkent has one five star hotel with 120 rooms three four star hotels with 885 rooms and two three-star hotels with 564 rooms Most of these have conference facilities There is one four star hotel with 278 rooms in Samarkand and one three star hotel In Bukhara there is one four star hotel with 228 rooms and one three star hotel with 183 rooms In Urgench, serving Khiva, there two three star hotels with a total of 341 rooms New hotels are under cons truction in all of the above-mentioned cities with a total capacity of 1, 000 rooms.

Other Important Sites
  • Urgench is the gateway city for those visiting Khiva
  • Shahnsabz was the birth place and home town of the great Tamarlane
  • The Fergana Valley is a fertile area filled with orchards, where the Silk Road passes through to Kyrgyzstan
  • Kokand is the ancient capital of the local rulers known as the Khans of Kokand
  • Margilan is an Uzbek city with a famous silk factory still operating today Other Facilities

The respublic of UZBEKISTAN occupyng over 447. 400 km2, is the second largest country in the Central Asia as to the territory. Uzbekistan lies in the very center of the Central Asia.

This location
predetermined historically its great geopolitical importence on the major transasian lines of communication between the East and the West. Uzbekistan border on Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrghyzstan, Afganistan.


UZBEKISTAN covering vast territory is notable for the extremaly diverse relief: from snowy mountans to steppes, semidesert and desert.


Climate of Uzbekistan is sharp continental.


Uzbekistan is a multinational state. There are over 22. 5 million inhabitans today. Uzbek make 65%, Russia - 25%, other nationalities (over 70) - 15%.


Uzbek, the official landuage of the country, belongs to the TURK group. Russan remains the language of the interethnic communication.


Uzbek, the official landuage of the country, belongs to the TURK group. Russan remains the language of the interethnic communication.


The city of Tashkent with the population of 2. 7 million inhabitants.


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